Prof. Dr. Tek Tjing Lie, SMIEEE

Prof. Dr. Tek Tjing Lie, SMIEEE

Professor and Deputy Head of School at the Auckland University of Technology (AUT), Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Auckland, New Zealand.

Topics: Electric Vehicle Technologies, Charging Methods, Standards and Optimization Techniques: A Review


A state-of-the-art review of electric vehicle technology, charging methods, standards, and optimization techniques will be presented. The essential characteristics of Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV) and Electric Vehicle (EV) are first discussed. Recent research on EV charging methods such as Battery Swap Station (BSS), Wireless Power Transfer (WPT), and Conductive Charging (CC) are then presented. This is followed by a discussion of EV standards such as charging levels and their configurations. Next, some of the most used optimization techniques for the sizing and placement of EV charging stations are analysed. Finally, based on the insights gained, several recommendations are put forward for future research.


Professor Tek Tjing LIE received his BS degree in Electrical Engineering from Oklahoma State University, USA in 1986. He also received his MS and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Michigan State University, USA in 1988 and 1992 respectively.

Professor Lie is the Deputy Head of School of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand. His research interests include AI applications to power systems, power system control and operation, deregulated power systems, smart grids, and renewable energy systems. He has authored/co-authored more than 250 journal and international conference papers.